Chinese

Chinese Training Provider? - Tell us about your Training!
Chinese Training Providers and Trainers
Lingua Diversa Group ...ns in Spanish, Italian, German, French, English, Russian, Chinese (Mandarin),European Portuguese and Brazilian Portuguese in our office in Holborn or at the client s office or home Small groups (3 to 6 students), two-to-one and one-to-one courses available. Our teachers are available Monday to Saturday from 8am to 9pm All our teachers are qualified native teachers with experience in more...
Dalian Smile Chinese International Language Training Institution ...Chinese International Training School was founded in November, 2006, with the goal"Making your Chinese as beautiful as your smile" We try our best to build a communicating bridge for foreign friends working and living in Dalian. We provide training at different levels, with 2 types of classes: mini-size classes (3-7 people), individual / private lessons. The Chinese courses we offer including more...
WQS Business English ...unicate - how we present our self and our work to others. Chinese are wise in that they learn quickly and adapt to new circumstances. This is valuable in learning business English. Communicating effectively and appropriately in business settings is a most valuable asset with many facets - each of which must be mastered if we want to be a truly successful businessperson. WQS Business more...
Japanese Language School The Japanese Language School ("JLS") established in 1984, and is the first organized Japanese language institute in Bangalore. The basic and advanced programmes of the school were put together by the late H. Ganesh, a Japanese teacher, Japan expert and educator of great repute. It was his idea to develop a Japanese language syllabus exclusively for the Indian student, using Indian language more...
Yorkshire Internal Arts ...est Yorkshire area in Kung Fu, Hsing Yi Quan, Tai Chi and Chinese martial arts and weapons. We also offer seminars nationwide in many subjects. We teach students and teachers. We run classes and seminars from basic through to advanced. Are classes are teaching self defense from martial and military perspective. We teach a real form and applications which are effective for self protection more...
Koshika French Academy Lucknow ...ikaForeign Languages Academy French / German / Spanish / Chinese (Mandarin) / Japanese / Russian /Italian /Arabic Portuguese / Thai We Offer We offer Basic-to-Advance courses for various foreign languages Available Languages are French, German, Chinese, Spanish, Italian, Japanese, Russian, Arabic, Portuguese, Thai etc. Fully On-Line LIVE as well as Classroom Mode Best Foreign more...
Shi Bisset & Associates Shi Bisset & Associates fix performance problems with tailor made Organisation Development programs consisting of different tools as required such as assessment, coaching and training. As a unique boutique consultancy (with a global presence in 80 countries) that provides a full-service Organisational Development and Human Resource customised solution, we have been in China since 1982 and are more...
Coffee, Tea & Mandarin Chinese Language Center ...Chinese language school which is well located in heart of former French Concession in Shanghai. CoffeeTeaMandarin is well-known for its flexibility, professonalism. Here you can find that Chinese is easy to learn and Chinese culture is easy to understand Coffee, Tea&Mandarin Language Center Website: http://www. coffeeteamandarin. com/ Email: coffeeteamandarin gmail. com Mobile: 86 more...
The Business Connection The Business Connection Services is best represented as a full sevice organization to take your business forward 180 degrees. Any more will take you back to where you started. Our programs include: Training for all levels of employment in communications relate topics. IE: COnflict Resolution, Dealing With Difficult People, Leadeship Skills, Office and Administratie Management, Ethics and more...
Addestra Center of Learning, LLC ...iness with Asia. For instance, Americans can learn about Chinese Business Etiquette, Asian Dining Etiquette and Social Etiquette programs. On the contrary, Addestra Center of Learning could represent American programs that would benefit the Singapore audience. Addestra Center of Learning (ACL) welcomes corporate trainers in self development programs to register with its trainers bureau more...
Global Chinese - Foreign Chinese Learning Center! ...ctured, result-oriented study plan, qualified experienced Chinese teacher, highly effective-proven, practical teaching method, tailored Chinese course, useful learning materials, flexible teaching schedule & location, value-added multi Chinese language services, socialized learning platform, overall after-class support, free Chinese resources, affordable low cost, all help make your Chinese more...
Lost Heritage Gong Fu Society ...Chinese martial arts school located in the middle of the Chicago area. We specialize in combat effective Zhang Men Tao gongfu. We also teach health and wellness courses in Tai Ji Quan, Neigong/ Qigong and Meditation. The school is dedicated to offering effective training at a low, affordable rate. If you have been misled or mistreated by the many cash hungry schools in the Chicagoland area, more...
Indy Foreign Language Academy IFLA offers courses in Spanish, English and all other major world languages. We offer private, group and immersion instruction for children and adults. We have two locations: one near downtown Indianapolis, Indiana and another in Carmel, Indiana. Learning a foreign language is paramount to unlocking the world and understanding other cultures. Our language programs are designed for all walks of more...
Elite Linguistic Network LLP ...om Translation and Interpretation Courses, Conversational Chinese Course, Business Chinese Courses, Workshop on Chinese Business Culture and Doing Business & Investment in China, as well as the customized, industry-specific Chinese Course and etc. With years of experience in providing language services to the corporate world from MNCs to SMEs, we have an in depth understanding about what the more...
Mentoring Lean Six Sigma ...cturing Industry Worked in ITALIAN, JAPANESE, AMERICAN / CHINESE Multinationals Managed Operations of South Asia Region in last organization. Saved more than 300, 000 USD from 6-sigma projects. Trained many participants from Bangkok, Dhaka, Colombo, Shanghai, Kunshan, Hong Kong, Kaula Lumpur and of course India on Lean Six Sigma in Last 4-Years. Providing Consultancy on LEAN Manufacturing more...
CCI Chinese Classroom Institute Hello dear friend, I am John, we are a small Mandarin school, but we can teach you Mandarin very well, if you want to learn some Chinese at your home via Skype, we can help. It makes your life here easier. Please find the details here http://www.thechineseclassroom.com Thanks John Wang - Director of Studies Chinese Classroom Institute Skype: john_wangjz Email: xigangdl more...
ChiBall World ...ogramme which uniquely combines the theory of traditional Chinese medicine, Colour and Aroma Therapies and the disciplines of Tai Chi-Qi Gong, Dance, Yoga, Pilates, Feldenkrais, Deep Relaxation and Meditation into a 1 hour exercise to music class. By tailoring the ChiBall Method to the natural cycle of The Seasons, both teachers and students journey towards a more sustainable lifestyle with more...
Educhief Education and Training Services Educhief offers short training courses such as Conflict management, Personal Effectiveness and Team Building using an innovative approach of DISC Profiling or Emergenetics Profiling with Chinese Art. Companies in Singapore, Malaysia, Myanmar and Vietnam have engaged us in courses related to job-hunting skills, presentation skills, Sales and Marketing and Supervisory Skills. more...
Mandarin House ...Chinese School we are committed to providing a professional and effective learning environment. Our focus is directed towards teaching Chinese as a foreign language, providing the opportunity for you to uniquely experience China in both everyday and business life. Our greatest strengths are our energy, enthusiasm and devotion towards teaching the Chinese language and through this we aim to help more...
Sieger Training Consultants Pvt. Ltd. ...er what I see and I understand what I do . This ancient Chinese proverb is the core concept of experiential learning. We at SIEGER Outbound believe that people will realize better about organizational skills (such as leadership, communication, teambuilding, etc) if they are trained in action-oriented way rather than more classroom way of teaching. Fire Walk: This program is quickly more...
Mandarin Garden Language & Culture School ...is an international organization of Mandarin language and Chinese dialects schools providing opportunities to learn Mandarin language or a dialect of your choice, in language schools around the world. Learn Mandarin Chinese in China with Mandarin Garden at our branches in Shanghai, Wuxi, Ningbo, Lijiang, Wuhan, Changchun, or our international branches in London, Seoul and Sydney . Contact  more...
Captivate Training & Consulting ...ining programmes for several Fortune 500 companies, large Chinese firms and a number of foreign businesses in Qingdao and throughout China. Our trainers are professionally qualified with several years of experience in both training and international Business. We offer Business English and soft skills training programmes for your staff in both English and Chinese. Feel free to contact more...
Interpersonal Development We improve corporate sales results by using our Behavior Modeling Technology (BMT) to develop the selling skills of your sales people. We offer a full line of sales and sales management training courses, customizable to your specific market needs. Courses are delivered by our seasoned trainers, or we can certify your trainers to do delivery. Courses are available in English, Spanish and Chinesemore...
Caritor Solutions India Pvt. Ltd Caritor Solutions India Pvt. Ltd ; Email : sreeni. k at caritorsolutions. com Caritor Solutions India Pvt. operates as an information technology consulting and systems integration company. It offers architecture and design, systems integration, application management, application development, testing and validation, technology services, network and infrastructure services, application portfolio more...
Konall Culture Exchange ...Exchange have over 8 years experience providing intensive Chinese language and culture programs to students from all over the world. If you are serious about learning Mandarin and would like to study at the most intense and friendly school in China we invite you to spend a few minutes on our site to see how we can help you achieve your language goals. We would love to design a custom program at more...
LinLead Consultancy (Beijing) Co., Ltd ...Chinese professionals in 2009, LinLead Consultancy (LinLead) is China mainland s 1st independent third-party B2B meeting organizer. As a leading B2B event organizer we are effectively a top notch business and media consulting company, devoted to delivering cutting-edge business intelligence by creating high-value opportunities for knowledge sharing and business networking. Through outstanding more...
St. Norbert College Language Services We are the Language Services Department within St. Norbert College. We run adult, non-credit language courses as well as language classes for children. This year we are also offering a Pronunciation Refinement course for adults. Our department also does customized contracts with local businesses to train employees in a language and culture on site at their place of employment. more...
Fluent Quest Inc ...se Simple Steps 6. Expatriate China Introduction 7. Chinese MNC Introduction 8. Western Business Etiquette 9. Excellent Customer Service 10. Western Business Etiquette 11. Handling conflict, 12. Presentation Skills, 13. Achieving consensus 14. Being effective leaders Business English - Communication Skills - Business English Writing (Email, Reporting)  more...
Redcarpet Mandarin & Consultation Centre Redcarpet Mandarin, highly recommended among the expatriate community, offers: Mandarin courses at all levels-UNIQUE,EFFICIENT,REPUTABLE/best mandarin crash beginners courses in the town /Free trial lesson Chinese Cultural Courses China Cross Cultural Coaching/Seminar Business Success in China Coaching/Seminar Career development in China Coaching/Seminar Shanghai Orientation services  more...
InChinaTraining co.Ld ...y provide top trainers in shanghai, who are in capable of Chinese, English and Japanese. Furthermore A strong background of cross-culture training is another advantage of our company. We are good at case-learning, customized enterprise training. Build effective training event for customers Offer best trainer for your high quality open course At InChina Training, we believe learning is a more...
World Refined ...e Lessons. American/ English * Spanish European Chinese/ Mandarin Indian/ Hindi Japanese *Language requirements for students apply. All Corporate Lessons are 8 weeks in length and are held biweekly onsite at the location of the Company's discretion. Corporate Foreign Etiquette Instructions World Refined offers Corporate Etiquette Lessons. The goal is to more...
NCS Computech Private Limited There is a list of training companies that you can find, but we are different and is confident about it. This presetation will help you to understand why are we so confident. You can evaluate us with any training provider. We're confident that you'll find no one else delivers such with assurance of consistently excellent, cost-effective, and convenient training every time. Instructors more...
New York Chinese Language Center ...Chinese Language Center offers both group and private lessons on Mandarin Chinese to beginners and people at intermediate level in New York City. All classes are designed in small-class setting and are taught by experienced native-Chinese-speaking professionals. We employ dynamic, relevant, and practical course content to enrich the students' learning experience. Most importantly, we will more...
Yago Singapore We offer language classes in in Singapore, taking place at various language schools throughout the city. While it is easy to find a language school in Singapore, it is not always easy to find one that offers good quality classes at the right level on a time and at a location that work for you. By bringing the course offerings of language schools in Singapore together, we hope to make it a more...
Chinamerica ...Chinese business consulting company specializes in helping American companies to do business in China. We provide a complete portfolio of Chinese business consultingservices, from Chinese business training , to Chinese market research and operation , to outsourcing and placement service in China. Unlike most of other consulting companies, all our consultants are educated and more...
SmartNoise Language Learning Native-speaking instructors help you gain fluency in English as a Second Language (ESL), Japanese, Chinese, French, German, and Spanish. Small classes for all abilities; serving children and adults. Tutoring available. SmartNoise uses approximately 25 different teaching methods to facilitate language learning. more...
HUA JIE language programme ...Chinese in Singapore In Singapore, WOW Languages is the specialist in teaching Chinese and French language courses and training programs. No matter if you are a primary, secondary or university student, a relocating expatriate or just a culture freak, we will tailor lessons according to your needs and requirements. Tired of dealing with the ones who do not teach? Here you talk directly more...
Paperless Homework Sdn Bhd We are specialised in helping to close the digital divides between rural and urban schools by being able to send useful contents over slow dial up lines in seconds. We further empower rural teachers or all teachers to the next level from black board to digital enabled. WE currenly have a program to provide all schools in the world free use of our tools and contents for an entire year without more...
Eton Institute Eton Institute is Dubai's leading institute of languages teaching over 17 languages at the Institute and online and software courses in over 100 languages. Eton Institute offers flexible timings and uniquely tailored courses to suit the learner s needs. All courses are facilitated by highly qualified native speaking instructors, teaching practical language while maintaining competitive prices more...
Orien Pacific, Ltd Orien Pacific is an American owned and managed engineering and technical services company located in Shanghai, China. We offer professional training and certification services in several technical disciplines including: pressure equipment and piping; welding; welding inspection; nondestructive examination; painting and coatings, etc., for both processes and personnel. Our training courses are more...
Medlock Method Limited ...Chinese. We use video presentations to teach, so that you can see as well as hear the content of the lesson. Each lesson consists of dialogues and exercises. Our primary exercise technique is "Ask Me, Tell Me" which you will do in every lesson. Because you spend time in the lesson doing exercises you reduce the time needed after class for reviewing vocabulary and sentence patterns. Each more...
JETT Customer Experience JETT is the leading brand in China delivering assessment, motivation and training programmes for the on-going development of service industry, retail and hospitality professionals. Our aim is to instil confidence and inspire leadership in the new generation of service specialists across China - ensuring they consistently deliver the perfect customer experience. Since 2004 we have been more...
LumiVox International ... to provide the most efficient, convenient and affordable Chinese language learning solution to anyone, anywhere in the world. SpeakMandarin. com offers one-on-one Internet based Chinese language lessons with experienced native Mandarin speaking coaches. All Sessions are live and fully interactive with the support of our versatile virtual classroom. Whether you are learning Chinese for the more...
Insignia Human Capital Solutionz About our Organization : Insignia is a spectrum of various divisions rendering an array of complete human capital solutions. Insignia focuses on creating innovative and excellent results, epitomizing a perfect blend of manpower, corporate training and communications. It is truly "the one stop" giving a competitive edge to your business by making it cost effective. Insignia believes in more...
Thai Massage India ...t Reflexology Swedish Massage Reiki Deep Tissue Massage Chinese Hotline (361 Acupressure Points) Massage Acupressure head massage Ayurveda Kalari Marma Massage Indian Head Massage Kattivasti After the complete successful training, you will be awarded with International Diplomas of TMC approved by Thai Government. Complete set of Training for 10 varieties of massages and SPA therapies are more...
Leadership and Success Limited We offer training modules in Management development, Soft skills , Sales and Hotel specific programs i.e.Butler Service. Any specific module that you would like could be designed as well as, any existing program will be reviewed to meet your needs. Operations: .All training modules are preceded with interviews and assessment tools to make sure that we all are on the right track in choice of more...
The Negotiation Skills Company, Inc The Negotiation Skills Company, Inc. (TNSC) provides coaching, consulting, and training in interest-based negotiation. TNSC"s clients are from business sectors ranging from healthcare to defense manufacturing, from retail to IT. TNSC has worked with people from more than 50 countries. Each member of our training staff has at least 20 years experience as a deal-making negotiator; they are based more...
Artisan Business Group ...le's Republic of China through advising them on issues of Chinese market entry, government regulations and risk management. With China's entry into the WTO and billions of dollars in foreign investment, China is becoming the World's Manufacturing Factory; the country's hosting of the 2008 Olympics and the 2010 World Fair will provide new growth opportunities for many U.S. small and mid-sized more...
Jobs Flash ...es, which includes, French, German, Spanish, Japanese , Chinese etc. In case of BPO S, we also provide Voice & Accent Training. Language Enhancement Program Voice and Accent Training (Neutralization, Word stress, cross cultural behavior) Linguistic Training, Translation and interpretation(German,French,Spanish,Japanese, Chinese) HR SERVICES Competency and skill matrices, more...
E.I.C. GROUP LTD. (Shanghai) ...mber of years, so we have a great deal of experience with Chinese students and professional working people from all areas of the economy throughout the country. We have a large number of general trained and specialist teachers on our data bank who are readily available to meet the all of your current and/or future educational requirement. We have native speaking and bi-lingual teachers - more...
Key Languages truly professional language training in all european and oriental languages more...
Glassist Glass handling training in lighting manufacturing. All glass properties and tools for mechanical glass handling in lamp making. Processes in lighting manufacturing such as flare making stemmaking sealing tipping a.o. Courses are customised for particular end users. All lamptypes can be included. Extensive written course documentation in English Dutch German and Chinese available. more...
Chinese software and multimedia
From Linguatec
Multimedia
Text to Voice
Windows 2000
Voice Reader Studio Chinese DIE G NSTIGE ALTERNATIVE ZUM TONSTUDIO Voice Reader Studio verf gt ber die professionellen Features, die den zeit- und geldaufw ndigen Gang ins Tonstudio ersparen. Auf Knopfdruck sind Videos, Pr sentationen etc. ruckzuck vertont. More...
Education
Language Learning
Windows 2000
Personal Translator 2008 Professional English-Chinese AN UNBEATABLE PROFESSIONAL-LEVEL PACKAGE Personal Translator 2008 Professional is an effective business tool that offers valuable assistance in challenging, regular translation work. More...
From Nuance
Windows XP,Vista
OmniPage 17 ...ind and open multiple documents at a time New support for Chinese, Japanese and Korean documents added to over 120 other languages New support for iPhone and 2-Megapixel phone cameras 12 accuracy improvement for 3D-Capture using digital and mobile phone cameras New Send paper PDF to Amazon Kindle with optimized formatting for reading and navigation System Requirements: Windows XP 32 64-bit More...
From Systran
Education
Language Learning
1 user
Home Translator English World Pack ...ome office users. This product includes English into from Chinese, Dutch, French, German, Italian, Japanese, Korean, Polish, Portuguese, Russian, Spanish, Swedish. Download the product datasheet (PDF - 912kb) 1 WORLDWIDE TRANSLATION TECHNOLOGY LEADER Internet portals as well as many multinational corporations and US government agencies use the same translation technology that powers SYSTRAN More...
From Linguatec
Education
Language Learning
Windows 2000
Personal Translator 2008 Advanced English-Chinese YOUR RELIABLE TRANSLATION PARTNER. Personal Translator 2008 Advanced is the perfect dependable solution for anyone looking for linguistic quality and maximum efficiency. More...
From Transparent Language
Multimedia
Educational Software
1 SEP Manager and up to 105 endpoints
Chinese Byki Deluxe 4 Mandarin Chinese Byki Deluxe will teach you 2000 critical words and 500 phrases with an easy, addictive, and lightning-fast 3-step process. Play games, perfect your accent with native speaker sound, test yourself, and take your learning with you on MP3 audio. Learn Chinese Fast. Know It Forever More...
From Microworld Technologies, Inc.
Utilities
Internet Security Monitoring
Windows 95,98,ME,NT,XP
eScan Internet Security Suite for Home Users (1 user, 1 year) ESCAN INTERNET SECURITY SUITE IS A COMPREHENSIVE ANTIVIRUS AND CONTENT SECURITY SOLUTION THAT DEFENDS YOUR COMPUTER OR SYSTEM FROM VIRUSES, SPYWARE, ADWARE, MALWARE, KEYLOGGERS, HACKERS, SPAMMERS, PHISHING, OBJECTIONABLE CONTENT AND MANY MORE SIMILAR THREATS. NEW USER FRIENDLY GUI: Novice or expert users Both can navigate the New Graphical-User-Interface with ease. A Single-screen-access to both, More...
From Linguatec
Education
Language Learning
Windows 2000
Personal Translator 2008 Home English-Chinese MAKING TRANSLATION HEADACHES A THING OF THE PAST. Personal Translator Home is an indispensable tool for short and longer texts alike. Recommended for private users. More...
From SPAMfighter ApS
Windows
SPAMfighter Pro ...ble in the following languages: English, German, Spanish, Chinese, French, Italian, Greek, Dutch, Swedish, Norwegian, Suomi, Japanese, Portuguese, Bulgarian, Russian, Czech, Thai and Danish. Award winning spam blocking technology Protects all the email accounts on your PC Integrates directly with Outlook, Outlook Express and Windows Mail for fast and easy use Automatic real mail protection - More...
Windows
SPYWAREfighter ...Language support: English, German, Swedish, Dutch, Greek, Chinese and Danish SPYWAREFIGHTER FEATURES Realtime monitoring of the entire system The guard supervises your system in realtime and protects it against infection with malware. Memory Scan detects active threats Searches in all active applications of your system for running pests. Self-protection at kernel layer guarantees gapless More...
From Microworld Technologies, Inc.
Utilities
Internet Security Monitoring
Windows 95,98,Me,NT,2000,XP
eScan AntiVirus Edition for Home Users (1 user, 1 year) ESCAN ANTIVIRUS IS A COMPREHENSIVE VIRUS SOLUTION DESIGNED AND DEVELOPED TO PROTECT PERSONAL COMPUTERS FROM THREATS LIKE VIRUSES, SPYWARE, ADWARE, MALWARE, KEYLOGGERS AND HACKERS. NEW USER FRIENDLY GUI: Novice or expert users Both can navigate the New Graphical-User-Interface with ease. A Single-screen-access to both, the Virus-Monitor On Demand Scanner. PRO-ACTIVE PROTECTION: eScan-10 Scans, More...
From Smith Micro Software
Multimedia
Screensavers
Windows
Aquazone 2 - Open Water Aquazone 2: Open Water brings the vastness of the world's seas to your PC Marvel as gigantic whales, deadly sharks, and graceful manta rays swim majestically past your screen Have fun scanning the blue depths following pods of dolphins and entire schools of exotic tropical fish Open Water offers the latest in life-like 3D technology to take you where you've never gone before - below the surface of More...
From Encore Software
Multimedia
Games
Windows 98,Me,2000,XP
Hoyle Board Games 2005 All of the best, classic table games with a brand-new twist Get ahead faster with in-game tutorials that walk you through the fun, step-by-step. Earn Hoyle Bucks and purchase extra content, music, and more With animated opponents who talk back and speak their minds - now it's more than just a game. Includes 18 of your favorite board games: Backgammon Checkers Chess Chinese Checkers Battling Ships More...
From Vintage Type
Windows
Mei Ornaments Black MEI ORNAMENTS BLACK A non-alphanumeric symbol font containing forty Chinese characters which translate into English words such as love, courage, and beauty. Included is the Mei Key, a beautiful PDF chart showing the translations and keyboard positions of each character. More...
From eGames
Multimedia
Games
Windows 95,98,Me,2000,XP
RahJongg: The Curse of Ra RahJongg: Curse of Ra is an incredible all-new tile matching game with an Egyptian Twist To lift the curse, you must conquer all of the dynasties by matching the hieroglyphic tiles. Each level is even more challenging than the last and every dynasty is more perplexing Play all 50 existing levels or create your own levels This perplexing game of strategy will provide hours of entertainment and More...
Multimedia
Games
Windows 95,98,Me,XP
MahJongg Master 3 ...aster 3 is an all new 3D version of the classic solitaire chinese game of chance and strategy. MahJongg Master 3 includes Solitaire MahJongg, MahJongg Rivers, Memory, Clicks, and Sliders. All eGames titles feature Family Friendly content. This means that they contain no offensive material and are suitable for players of all ages. System Requirements: Pentium 233 MHz PC, 16 MB RAM, Windows 95 98 More...
Multimedia
Games
Windows 95,98,XP
MahJongg Master? 2 New and Enhanced MahJongg Master More...
From Prima Games
Multimedia
Games
PC
Command Conquer Generals: Zero Hour: PRIMA OFFICIAL eGUIDE CAN YOU DEFEAT THE GREATEST MILITARY MINDS IN MODERN WARFARE? Walkthrough and maps of all 15 new Command Conquer Generals: Zero Hour missions, plus the original Command Conquer: Generals missions Info on new units and structures for American, Chinese, and GLA forces Coves all new upgrades and General abilities How to build structures at the right time and place How to get the most out of your More...
More Chinese Training Topics:
tcw11-v473M-12/11/17-16:28:07-(3932)[A]-[A]-[B]